How has migration caused uneven development?

Jamestown, Accra, Ghana

The picture above shows the beach at Jamestown which is a few miles west of Independence Square in Accra. The British fortification built in 1673 extended upon the fort built by the Dutch in 1649 and the Danes in 1652. Ghana became Africa’s first country to declare independence in 1957. Since then the population of Ghana has grown almost five-fold from 6.7 million to 28.2 million in 2016. As a result of improving sanitation and healthcare provision in the country, the population has been able to decrease its mortality rate from 134 per 1000 live births in 1957 to 43 per 1000 live births. With a rapidly rising population and a rising economy, Ghana has seen migration from under developed rural areas to the coastline and in particular in and around Accra, the capital city. Fifty years ago, you would be looking at these golden beaches with little development if any at all. However just a little east from here you find the national stadium and Independence Square where Kwame Nkrumah, the founding father of Ghana, gave his speech on independence day. Over time the areas east and west of central Accra have become increasingly populated, and today in Jamestown you will find most of its residence living in makeshift homes made from wood and corrugated iron.

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